Bearded dragons originate in Australia and can be found in light forests and grasslands, they enjoy climbing and prefer to be on sand and rock surfaces. They will keep their body temperature around 35ºC and as they cool their skin will become darker. The air humidity should not exceed 30-40%. During the winter months, reptiles will enter brumation, this is hibernation-like state that cold-blooded animals enter during colder periods - due to not being in the wild your pet bearded dragon may or may not experience this. Beared dragons are diurnal, this means they will venture out during the day in order to benefit from the sun's UV. Bearded dragons are helioterms, which means they use the warmth from the sun which is why they bask, and they are also thigmotherms (getting warmth from surfaces).
Males are very territorial and in the wild will mark out large areas, the females and juveniles have smaller areas within the males territory. The males will protect their territories against other lizards, and will create displays by showing their beards, although they prefer to hide if under threat, if they must they will also fight and defend should they need to. They do not shed their tails but they can be easily damaged.
Bearded dragons become sexually mature between 6 - 15 months, usually they will be approximately 30cm long, and they will mate in spring.
Wild bearded dragons look for higher protein when they are young and so are mainly insectivorous, but as they grow their needs change and they start taking leafy material, fruits and even flowers. Eventually as adults they are up to 90% herbivores. For pet bearded dragons we recommend:
Juveniles: feed them crickets 2-3 times a day, and also offer chopped fruit and vegetables
Adults: feed them dark green leafy vegetables eg. lettuce, collard, endive and spinach, plus carrots and fruit
Most exotic species require supplements to avoid nutriitional deficiencies. We recommend Nutrobal for use in younger animals and ArkVits for adults.